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Ought to I refinance my mortgage? When to refinance

The Federal Reserve recently cut interest rates to help stimulate the economy during the coronavirus pandemic. As a result, more and more people are becoming interested in refinancing their mortgage. Depending on the situation, refinancing your mortgage can prove to be a wise financial decision that can save you massive money in the long run. But is it right for you

If you're curious about how to refinance your mortgage, this article should answer many of your questions including:

How does the refinancing work?
When should I refinance my mortgage?
What is the downside of refinancing my home?
How do I calculate if I should refinance my mortgage?
What are my refinancing options?

How does the refinancing work?

"Refinancing your mortgage enables you to repay your existing mortgage and take out a new mortgage on new terms," ​​he said So when you refinance your mortgage, you are essentially trading in your old mortgage for a new one. The new loan you take out pays off the remainder of the original mortgage and takes its place. This means that the terms of the old mortgage no longer apply and you are instead bound by the terms of the new mortgage.

There are many reasons why homeowners refinance their mortgage. You may want to secure a loan with a lower interest rate, switch from one Variable rate mortgage (ARM) at a fixed rate, shorten or lengthen your repayment period, switch mortgage lenders or come up with cash to pay off debts or deal with various expenses. As you can see, there are a variety of reasons someone might be interested in a refinance.

There are also various refinancing options. A standard rate and term refinance is the most common way of doing this. With this method, you simply adjust the interest rate you are paying and the terms of your mortgage to make them more beneficial to you.

However, you can also use a Pay off refinancingwhere you pull equity out of your home and get it in the form of cash or take out a new loan that is greater than the remaining debt on the original mortgage. Even if you are getting an inflow of cash in the short term, withdrawal refinancing can be a risky option as it increases your debt and is likely to cost you interest payments in the long run.

When should I refinance my mortgage?

You may have asked yourself, "Should I refinance my mortgage?" If you can save money, pay off your mortgage faster, and that way build equity in your home, the answer is yes. Whether you can achieve this depends on a variety of things. Take a look at this Refinancing tips to get a better idea of ​​when to refinance your mortgage.

Benefit from low interest rates

When mortgage rates go down, many people are considering refinancing their mortgage to take advantage of this new lower interest rate. And that makes perfect sense: paying a lower interest rate on your mortgage can save you thousands of dollars over time. However, there are a number of other factors to consider when refinancing your mortgage.

In terms of interest rates, you should look at how much they are falling before making any refinancing decisions. Refinancing your mortgage could be a good idea if you can cut your interest rate by at least 2 percent. This ultimately depends on the size of your mortgage, but anything below that is unlikely to be worth it in the long run.

Switch to Fixed-Rate Mortgage

It is also very common for people to refinance to get out of a variable rate mortgage and convert to a fixed rate instead. A variable rate mortgage usually starts with a lower rate than a fixed rate, but that rate eventually changes and can cost you. This is because the interest rate on a floating rate mortgage changes over time based on an interest rate index. It can change based on the mortgage market, the LIBOR market index, and the federal funds rate.

You can minimize the amount of interest by moving to a fixed rate mortgage, where the rate is fixed when you first take out the loan before the low rates increase on your adjustable rate mortgage. When you are able to set a low fixed rate, you are less prone to market volatility and more able to develop a long-term payment strategy.


When debating the question, "Should I or should I refinance my mortgage?", Consider what lenders will look for when determining the terms of your loan. To determine an interest rate and approve you for a refinancing loan, lenders consider the following factors:

Payment History for Your Original Mortgage: Before issuing a refinance loan, lenders will review the payment history for your original mortgage to ensure that you have made payments on time.
Credit Score: With a good loan, you have more flexibility and options when it comes to refinancing. A high credit score enables you to take out loans on more favorable terms at a lower interest rate.
Income: Lenders want you to have stable, reliable income that can comfortably cover monthly mortgage payments.
Equity: Home equity is a borrower's loan-to-value ratio. You can calculate this by dividing the amount owed on the current mortgage loan by the current value of the home. Ideally, before you think about refinancing, you should do so Have at least 20% equity in your home. If your equity is below 20% but your credit is good, you may still be able to get a loan but you will likely be charged a higher interest rate or have to pay for mortgage insurance, which is not ideal.

What is the downside of refinancing my home?

Refinancing a mortgage is not for everyone. If you don't take the time to do your research, calculate savings, and weigh the benefits against the potential risks, you could end up spending more money on the refinancing than you could have stayed with the original loan.

When refinancing you run the risk of putting yourself in a precarious financial position. This is especially true for a withdrawal refinance as it can make you even more money and get buried in interest payments.

Don't refinance your home or pull out equity to make quick cash, make luxury purchases, and buy things you don't need. This is an easy way to dig yourself into a deep financial hole. In reality, you should only refinance your mortgage if you can knows that you can save money in the process.

How do I calculate if I should refinance my mortgage?

Before you refinance your mortgage, it's important to get the numbers and see if it's worth it in the long run. To do this, you first need to consider how much the refinancing actually costs.

Consider closing costs

In order to How much does the refinancing cost?? One of the most important expenses to consider when refinancing is the closing costs. All refinancing loans have closing costs, but these depend on the lender and the size of your loan an average of three to six percent the principal amount of the loan. For example, if you took out a $ 200,000 loan, you would end up paying another $ 8,000 if the closing cost were set at 4%.

These closing costs are most often paid upfront, but in some cases lenders allow you to include the closing costs in the principal and thus include them in the new loan. While closing costs generally don't cover property taxes, homeowner insurance, and mortgage insurance, they typically include:

Refinancing Application Fee
Loan fees
Home valuation and inspection fees
Points fee
Fiduciary and title fees
Lender Fee

Determine your break-even point

To make an informed decision about whether to refinance your mortgage is a sound financial decision, calculate how long it will take for the refinance to pay for itself. In other words, you want to determine your break-even point. To calculate your break-even point, divide the total closing costs by the amount you save each month due to your refinance loan.

The basic equation for finding your break-even point is as follows: (Closing costs) / (monthly savings) = (number of months to break even)

With that in mind, you can see how the length of time you plan to stay in a home can make a huge difference in whether or not your mortgage refinance is the right option for you. If you want to move away and sell your home in a couple of years, refinancing your mortgage probably isn't the step. In those few years, you likely won't be saving enough to cover the additional costs of refinancing.

However, if you plan to be staying in the house you are in for a long time, the refinancing could save you a lot of money. To make an informed decision, you need to do the math yourself – or, to make the calculations even easier, use Mint & # 39; s online Loan repayment calculator.

What are my refinancing options?

As mentioned above, you have options for loan refinancing. You can refinance your mortgage for a lower interest fee and a change in loan terms. Or, you can opt for a payout refinance that allows you to convert your home's equity into additional income that you can use to pay for home improvement, tuition, high-interest debt payments, and more.

To actually refinance your home, you need to find a lender and fill out a loan application. Browse through large and small banks to see who offers you the lowest interest rates and the best terms. How long does a refinancing take?? The schedule will depend on a few factors including the lender you are borrowing from and your own financial situation. However, in general, it takes an average of 45 days to refinance a mortgage.

You might also consider ditching the traditional banks and negotiating with an online non-banking company instead. Alternative lenders often offer greater flexibility in terms of eligibility for a loan and in some cases can speed up the refinancing process. For example, Freddie Mac is a government sponsored mortgage loan company that not only does not offer disbursement and refinancing, but it also has a third option available for borrowers whose loan-to-value ratios are too high to qualify for the traditional refinancing routes. Learn more at

When making a big financial decision, it is important that you are informed and organized. Before starting the refinance process, before starting the refinancing process, do the math, do the calculations and review your options to make sure it is the right choice for you.

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