Paramedics unload a patient into an ambulance outside the Hammonton Center for Rehabilitation and Healthcare, one of numerous nursing homes, to lack staff during the National Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) outbreak in Hammonton, New Jersey, May 19, 2020 .
Lucas Jackson | Reuters
The United States reported more than 60,000 new Covid-19 cases on Tuesday and, according to Johns Hopkins University, set a new record for new cases reported in a single day.
The country has reported 60,021 newly confirmed cases in the past 24 hours as outbreaks continue to increase in a number of countries, mainly in the American south and west. Arizona, California, Florida and Texas have caused nearly half of all new cases in the United States in the past few days.
The record surge has been seen after daily new cases have dropped below 50,000 in recent days, although some public health officials have warned that due to the holiday weekend of July 4th, there could be a backlog in reporting. The US has reported an average of 51,383 new cases in the past seven days, a record seven-day high, an increase of nearly 24.5% from a week ago. This emerges from a CNBC analysis of the data collected by Hopkins.
Senior health officials, including the White House health advisor, Dr. Anthony Fauci, has complained in the past few days that many other countries have managed to cease daily new cases and reduce them to a manageable level, but the United States has not.
"The European Union as a whole has been going up and down," said Fauci on Monday during a Q&A discussion with Dr. Francis Collins, the director of the National Institutes of Health. "Now they have little slips, as you might expect, when they try to open up again. We have climbed, never got down to the baseline, and now it is rising again. So it is a serious situation that we are tackling immediately have to."
Fauci said last week that the United States was "not in complete control" of the coronavirus pandemic and new cases could exceed 100,000 new infections per day if the outbreak continued at its current pace.
"I can't make an accurate prediction, but it will be very worrying," Fauci told the senators at a hearing on June 30 of the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Work, and Pensions. "We now have over 40,000 new cases a day. I wouldn't be surprised if we would reach up to 100,000 a day if that didn't change, and I'm very concerned about that."
But the U.S. is unlikely to diagnose all infections in the country, the disease control and prevention centers say, because some people remain asymptomatic and are never tested. Dr. Robert Redfield, director of the CDC, said the U.S. is likely to diagnose 1 in 10 cases.
Former Commissioner for Food and Drug Administration, Dr. Scott Gottlieb, however, said earlier this week that the U.S. is likely to get an even lower proportion of all infections, as some areas with major outbreaks do not have enough resources to test everyone who wants to be tested.
"The CDC says we are now diagnosing 1 in 10," he said on CNBC's "Squawk Box" Monday. "We're more likely to be one in twelve because these countries are under pressure and we're falling behind."
According to a CNBC analysis of the data collected by Hopkins, cases in 37 states increased on average by at least 5% on Tuesday. CNBC uses a seven-day trailing average to offset peaks in data reporting and determine where cases go up and down.
According to CNBC analysis of Hopkins data, hospitalizations related to coronaviruses increased by at least 5% on average in 24 states.
Part of the increase in the total number of cases is likely due to increased testing. According to a CNBC analysis of the data compiled by the Covid Tracking Project, the U.S. has increased testing from an average of slightly more than 174,000 diagnostic tests a day through April to an average of more than 650,000 tests a day in July. However, the percentage of tests that turned out to be positive has also increased, which, according to epidemiologists, is a sign of a virus that is spreading faster.
While the number of new coronavirus cases has continued to increase, the deaths caused by Covid-19 have remained stable and comparatively low. Fauci and other health authorities have attributed this to better clinical care for Covid-19 patients thanks to new treatment strategies, as well as the comparatively low average age of the people currently infected with the virus.
On Monday, Fauci said the average age of people infected with the virus had decreased by about 15 years compared to the average age of patients at the start of the outbreak. This is important because, according to the CDC, older people are more likely to develop a serious case, need medical attention, and die from Covid-19.
However, Fauci has warned that the deaths in Covid-19 lag a few weeks behind the case diagnosis because it takes time for someone to develop symptoms, seek tests, be hospitalized, and die. He added that the more young people get infected, the greater the risk that young people will pass the virus on to more vulnerable people, including the elderly and everyone, regardless of age, with underlying conditions like diabetes.
"There are more cases. Some of these places have more hospital stays and you will see more deaths soon," said Fauci in an interview with CNBC's Meg Tirrell last month, which was broadcast by the Milken Institute. "Even if the deaths decrease as a country, it doesn't mean that you won't see them now."
In addition to the number of deaths, scientists are still researching the long-term health consequences of contracting the virus. Some research has shown that respiratory damage and damage to other organs can occur in the long term.
"Consoling yourself at a lower mortality rate is a false narrative," said Fauci on Tuesday during a live streaming event with Alabama Democratic Senator Doug Jones. "There are so many other things that are very dangerous and bad about this virus. Don't put yourself in false complacency."
Disclosure: Scott Gottlieb is a CNBC employee and a member of the boards of Pfizer, the start-up company for genetic testing Tempus and the biotech company Illumina.