When you start thinking about college payment, you are probably considering your student loan options. Given the high cost of tuition, room and board, and other costs, it's no surprise that 70 percent of students take out federal or personal loans to pay for college. When it comes to federal student loans, the debate between subsidized and non-subsidized loans is widespread. Before choosing the best option for your situation and budget, you need to understand the key differences.
What is the difference between subsidized and non-subsidized student loans?
When choosing between subsidized and non-subsidized loans, it is important to know how each option affects the amount of money owed after the deal. If you qualify for a subsidized loan, the federal government pays the accrued interest on subsidized loans, while that on unsubsidized loans does not.
Borrowers must demonstrate financial hardship to qualify
borrower does not have to prove financial need to qualify
Credit limits are lower compared to unsubsidized loans
Credit limits are higher compared to subsidized loans
The Government pays borrowers' interest accrued during college enrollment
The The student is responsible for paying the interest accrued during college enrollment
For students only Students are eligible
Bachelor, diploma or professional degree Students are eligible
How do I apply for subsidized and non-subsidized loans?
Before you are offered subsidized or unsubsidized loans, your financial needs and level of education will be considered. For both loans, you must be full or half-time enrolled in a program that leads to a degree or certificate from an institution that participates in the direct loan program. You must fill out an online form called a Free State Grant Application (FAFSA). This form must be completed each year when you are in college for financial support.
After submitting your FAFSA, you will receive a SAR report (Student Aid Report) informing you of your eligibility. When applying for federal loans, certain requirements must be observed, including the following:
You must be a US citizen or a legitimate non-citizen
You must have a valid social security number
You must have a high school diploma
You must maintain satisfactory academic progress in college
You must provide proof of financial needs (for most programs)
How much can I borrow with subsidized and non-subsidized loans?
Each year, your university makes the final decision on the type of student loan you can get and the amount you can borrow. There are federal restrictions on how much you can borrow each year for both subsidized and unsubsidized loans. These limits depend on whether you are a dependent or independent student and what school year you are in.
In general, you are considered a dependent student if you rely on your parents for financial support. You must report your financial information and your parents' financial information to FAFSA. If you are considered an independent student, do not provide financial support to your parents. In this case, report your own financial information to FAFSA. If you are married, you must also report your spouse's financial information.
How long can I get these loans?
You can receive subsidized loans for up to 150 percent of the duration of your studies. For example, if you are in a four-year program that is working towards your bachelor's degree, you can get subsidized loans for up to six years. (150 percent of four years is six years.) On the other hand, there is no time limit for unsubsidized loans.
There are also federal restrictions on how much you can borrow overall during your studies. For most dependent students, the limit is $ 31,000, with no more than $ 23,000 from subsidized loans.
For independent students who are students, the limit is $ 57,500, with a limit of $ 23,000 for subsidized loans. Graduates and professional students have a limit of $ 138,500 with subsidized loans of no more than $ 65,500.
If you reach the total credit limit during your studies, you can only take out more loans if you repay part of your loans. Some graduates and professional students participating in health care programs can also borrow more than the limit in the form of unsubsidized loans.
Repayment of subsidized and non-subsidized loans
In general, you should repay unsubsidized loans before repaying subsidized loans, since interest on unsubsidized loans will accrue from the date of disbursement and will be added to the principal.
Interest rates on unsubsidized loans are likely to have increased significantly at the start of payments. Since subsidized loans do not earn interest during your school days or during the grace period or deferral period, you should have no interest at the beginning of the repayment.
When it's time to repay your federal loans, there are several options, including:
A standard plan that allows you to make fixed payments over 10 years
A tiered plan that allows you to make small payments first and then increase your payments over time
A plan that calculates your monthly payments based on your income
You also have the option to request a deferral or forbearance that will pause or reduce your payments. If you enroll in a graduate school or rehabilitation program, join the Peace Corps or active military service, or are unemployed, you can qualify for a deferral or forbearance.
Finally, in some cases, your loans can be granted. For example, if you go into public service, e.g. For example, if you work or teach at a nonprofit organization, you can qualify for lending within 10 years or after 120 payments.
Federal student loans are not created immediately, and it is important to understand the key differences between them. If you know what differentiates subsidized and non-subsidized loans, you can know which one is right for you so that you can create a budget to cover your interest payments across the board. Be sure to speak to a financial advisor to evaluate your options.
swell: StudentAid.Gov | Wall Street Journal | Money under 30 | Edvisors