Today’s mortgage and refinance rates
Average mortgage rates rose again yesterday, but only moderately. The dramatic movements we’ve seen recently have tended to cancel each other out, leaving a gentle upward trend.
So far this morning, mortgage rates today look likely to be unchanged or barely changed. But, with volatility a feature of markets at the moment, there’s no guarantee things will stay that way.
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Current mortgage and refinance rates
Conventional 30 year fixed
Conventional 15 year fixed
Conventional 20 year fixed
Conventional 10 year fixed
30 year fixed FHA
15 year fixed FHA
30 year fixed VA
15 year fixed VA
Rates are provided by our partner network, and may not reflect the market. Your rate might be different. Click here for a personalized rate quote. See our rate assumptions here.
Should you lock a mortgage rate today?
Don’t lock on a day when mortgage rates look set to fall. My recommendations (below) are intended to give longer-term suggestions about the overall direction of those rates. So, they don’t change daily to reflect fleeting sentiments in volatile markets.
Mortgage rates moved only a little higher over the month of June. And, while they were appreciably higher yesterday evening than they were on Jul. 1, this month may well follow June’s pattern. Once the dramatic rises and falls cancel each other out, we’re left with a shallowly rising underlying trend.
So, for now, my personal rate lock recommendations for the longer term must remain:
LOCK if closing in 7 daysLOCK if closing in 15 daysLOCK if closing in 30 daysLOCK if closing in 45 daysLOCK if closing in 60 days
>Related: 7 Tips to get the best refinance rate
Market data affecting today’s mortgage rates
Here’s a snapshot of the state of play this morning at about 9:50 a.m. (ET). The data, compared with roughly the same time yesterday, were:
The yield on 10-year Treasury notes edged down to 2.96% from 3%. (Good for mortgage rates.) More than any other market, mortgage rates normally tend to follow these particular Treasury bond yieldsMajor stock indexes were higher soon after opening. (Bad for mortgage rates.) When investors are buying shares, they’re often selling bonds, which pushes prices of those down and increases yields and mortgage rates. The opposite may happen when indexes are lower. But this is an imperfect relationshipOil prices jumped to $97.63 from $91.19 a barrel. (Bad for mortgage rates*.) Energy prices play a prominent role in creating inflation and also point to future economic activity Gold prices inched up to $1,704 from $1,698 an ounce. (Neutral for mortgage rates*.) It is generally better for rates when gold rises and worse when gold falls. Gold tends to rise when investors worry about the economy. And worried investors tend to push rates lowerCNN Business Fear & Greed index — climbed to 27 from 21 out of 100. (Bad for mortgage rates.) “Greedy” investors push bond prices down (and interest rates up) as they leave the bond market and move into stocks, while “fearful” investors do the opposite. So lower readings are better than higher ones
*A movement of less than $20 on gold prices or 40 cents on oil ones is a change of 1% or less. So we only count meaningful differences as good or bad for mortgage rates.
Caveats about markets and rates
Before the pandemic and the Federal Reserve’s interventions in the mortgage market, you could look at the above figures and make a pretty good guess about what would happen to mortgage rates that day. But that’s no longer the case. We still make daily calls. And are usually right. But our record for accuracy won’t achieve its former high levels until things settle down.
So use markets only as a rough guide. Because they have to be exceptionally strong or weak to rely on them. But, with that caveat, mortgage rates today look likely to hold steady or nearly steady. However, be aware that “intraday swings” (when rates change direction during the day) are a common feature right now.
Find your lowest rate. Start here (Jul 17th, 2022)
Important notes on today’s mortgage rates
Here are some things you need to know:
Typically, mortgage rates go up when the economy’s doing well and down when it’s in trouble. But there are exceptions. Read ‘How mortgage rates are determined and why you should care‘Only “top-tier” borrowers (with stellar credit scores, big down payments and very healthy finances) get the ultralow mortgage rates you’ll see advertisedLenders vary. Yours may or may not follow the crowd when it comes to daily rate movements — though they all usually follow the broader trend over timeWhen daily rate changes are small, some lenders will adjust closing costs and leave their rate cards the sameRefinance rates are typically close to those for purchases.
A lot is going on at the moment. And nobody can claim to know with certainty what will happen to mortgage rates in the coming hours, days, weeks or months.
Are mortgage and refinance rates rising or falling?
Mortgage rates moved yesterday in a similar way to their Wednesday pattern — and for the same reasons. What are those reasons? Read my analysis from yesterday’s daily report.
Briefly, markets have been unable to decide whether they’re more freaked out by inflation or the fear of a recession. On days when they’re focused on inflation, mortgage rates tend to rise. And on days when they’re more fearful of a recession, those rates tend to fall.
This morning’s retail sales figures for June could have gone either way. If they’d been great, investors might have breathed a sigh of relief that any US recession remains some way off. And markets might have returned to fretting about inflation. Had the figures been bad, they might have inflamed recession fears, pushing mortgage rates lower.
In the event, those retail sales figures were a little better than expected, rising 1% that month. Analysts had forecast a 0.9% increase. Still, such a small difference may leave markets shrugging at the outcome.
Foreign as well as domestic threats
Of course, it’s not just US retail sales that are influencing investors today. There are plenty of external reasons to worry about a recession.
For example, China’s output contracted by 2.6% between April and June compared with the previous quarter, according to official figures published overnight.
And The Economist suggested in an e-newsletter this morning that a recession in Europe is likely soon. It explained, “Prices for delivery of (natural) gas this winter, at €182/MWh ($184/MWh), are almost as high as in early March, after Russia invaded Ukraine, and seven times their long-run level.”
It’s worth repeating a quote, which I included in yesterday’s report. Kristalina Georgieva, who is managing director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), wrote in a blog on Wednesday:
It is going to be a tough 2022 — and possibly an even tougher 2023, with increased risk of recession.
Time was when America could shrug off bad economic news in distant lands. But, in today’s interconnected, globalized world, everyone’s at risk of catching a cold when anyone sneezes.
Read the weekend edition of this daily article for more background.
Recent trends — updated today
Over much of 2020, the overall trend for mortgage rates was clearly downward. And a new, weekly all-time low was set on 16 occasions that year, according to Freddie Mac.
The most recent weekly record low occurred on Jan. 7, 2021, when it stood at 2.65% for 30-year fixed-rate mortgages.
Rates then bumbled along, moving little for the following eight or nine months. But they began rising noticeably that September. Unfortunately, they’ve been mostly shooting up since the start of 2022, although May and June were kinder months.
Freddie’s Jul. 14 report puts that same weekly average for 30-year, fixed-rate mortgages at 5.51% (with 0.8 fees and points), up from the previous week’s 5.3%.
Note that Freddie expects you to buy discount points (“with 0.8 fees and points”) on closing that earn you a lower rate. If you don’t do that, your rate would be closer to the ones we and others quote.
Expert mortgage rate forecasts
Looking further ahead, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) each has a team of economists dedicated to monitoring and forecasting what will happen to the economy, the housing sector and mortgage rates.
And here are their current rate forecasts for the remaining three quarters of 2022 (Q2/22, Q3/22, Q4/22) and the first quarter of next year (Q1/23).
The numbers in the table below are for 30-year, fixed-rate mortgages. Fannie’s were published on Jun. 16, and the MBA’s on Jun. 10. Freddie’s were released on Apr. 18. But it now updates its figures only quarterly, so they’re already looking stale.
ForecasterQ2/22Q3/22Q4/22Q1/23Fannie Mae5.1%5.0% 5.0%5.0%Freddie Mac4.8%4.8% 5.0%5.0%MBA5.1%5.1% 5.0%5.0%
Of course, given so many unknowables, the whole current crop of forecasts might be even more speculative than usual. Recent events certainly make them look that way.
Find your lowest rate today
You should comparison shop widely, no matter what sort of mortgage you want. As federal regulator the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau says:
“Shopping around for your mortgage has the potential to lead to real savings. It may not sound like much, but saving even a quarter of a point in interest on your mortgage saves you thousands of dollars over the life of your loan.”
Verify your new rate (Jul 17th, 2022)
Mortgage rate methodology
The Mortgage Reports receives rates based on selected criteria from multiple lending partners each day. We arrive at an average rate and APR for each loan type to display in our chart. Because we average an array of rates, it gives you a better idea of what you might find in the marketplace. Furthermore, we average rates for the same loan types. For example, FHA fixed with FHA fixed. The end result is a good snapshot of daily rates and how they change over time.